00:01 - People with diabetes are at risk of developing multiple problems in the eye including cataracts in the front of the eye and diabetic retinopathy in the back of the eye. The risk of developing these problems increases with longer duration of disease and higher blood sugar levels. In early stages diabetic, eye disease is asymptomatic and patients may not know that they have it.
00:22 - For this reason current guidelines recommend screening eye examinations with an eye doctor to catch disease before it progresses to late stages. For most adult patients with type 2 diabetes an annual screening. Is recommended although more frequent intervals may be recommended based on other risk factors. Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina which is located in the back of the eye.
00:47 - This disease occurs when blood vessels in the retina leak or when new abnormal blood vessels grow. Patients could should contact their ophthalmologist if they experience blurry vision or new floaters in their vision which could be a sign of bleeding from diabetic retinopathy. Treatments for diabetic retinopathy include laser injections of medication into the eye and surgery.
01:09 - Early treatment can help prevent progression of disease and preserve vision in the eye The most important risk factors are blood sugar and blood pressure control It is important to know your HB A1C level which is a blood test that measures your average blood sugar level over three months to monitor your diabetes control
01:27 - The goal HPA1c for patients with diabetes is less than 7.0 to decrease the risk of diabetic eye disease. Diabetes is a systemic disease that requires close monitoring with a primary care provider. In addition to your eye doctor in order to screen for and manage diabetic eye disease.